Many women swear by skin peels, saying that there is nothing like them for freshening up and rejuvenating a tired complexion. There are different types available, and a consultation with a skilled professional should reveal what kind of peel will benefit your skin and deliver the desired results.A chemical peel generally involves spreading a solution carefully onto the face, always avoiding the delicate eye area, to remove dead cells on the skin’s surface and simultaneously boost the growth of new skin cells beneath. This kind of treatment can have a marked effect in dealing with an uneven skin tone, dull, listless skin and making age spots much less noticeable. Skin peels can also reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, along with blemishes.
Glycolic skin peels are very popular, as the concentration of glycolic acid can be varied from extremely low, for a very gentle peel, to stronger concentrations for more dramatic effects. Glycolic peels tend to tingle a little, and a gentle peel will exfoliate, while stimulating growing cells to become plumper and clearer. Skin should be slightly pink and glowing with renewed health and radiance after a skin peel of this type. The important thing to remember afterwards is to avoid the sun.
A gentle glycolic peel is suitable for just about everyone, but skin peels can also be stronger. There are three grades of chemical peel: superficial, medium, which is more intense, and deep, which will have the strongest effects. Medium or deep peels should only be performed by professionals who know what they are doing. The type of peel can differ also, with different acids used.
With a superficial peel, the treatment will target the top layer of skin, or epidermis, and will be brushed on and left for several minutes. Skin may feel a bit tight after, but skin should be refreshed, although this treatment will need to be done regularly to maintain the effects.
A medium peel will result in the removal of cells from the epidermis and the middle layer of skin. When this kind of peel is applied it may sting or burn a little, and when removed the skin may be red, or a brownish colour. It can take more than a month for complete healing, and will need to be done once or twice a year to maintain the results.
A deep peel will deal with deeper layers of skin, pronounced wrinkles and could involve some pain, so a sedative and a local anaesthetic may be needed. Sometimes, the substance used for this is phenol (also known as carbolic acid) and this chemical can have a dramatic effect on the body, so blood pressure and heart rate must be monitored. The face can be swollen afterwards, and it may take up to three months for any redness to disappear entirely. The effects of this peel are longer lasting, and most people would only do this once. It may also cause the skin tone to be lighter, so may not be suitable for all skin tones.
Superficial skin peels carry few risks, but more intense treatments can change the tone of the skin, making it darker or lighter. Such treatments could also aggravate cold sores, and in rare circumstances, there could be infection or scars.