Cellulite is a condition in which the skin appears to have underlying fat deposits, giving it a dimpled and lumpy appearance. It is most noticeable on the upper leg area, thighs and buttocks, and usually occurs after puberty.
It is generally known as orange peel syndrome or cottage cheese skin in colloquial language, but we like to refer to it as adiposis edematosa, dermopanniculosis deformans, status protrusus cutis and/or gynoid lipodystrophy.
This condition affects around 90% of women in the UK and 10% of men.
The reason it is more likely with women is because as they start approaching menopause, estrogen starts decreasing.
They are also more likely to have particular types of fat and connective tissue – which will heighten the chances of cellulite. (from ages 25 to 35 is when you would typically start to see cellulite appearing)
‘‘Estrogen has an impact on the blood vessels. So when estrogen starts to decrease, you lose receptors in blood vessels and thighs, and have decreased circulation.’’ says Osteopathic Physician Dr. Lionel Bissoon, speaking to ‘The Scientific American’.
‘‘With decreased circulation you get less oxygen and nutrition to that area, and with that you will see a decrease in collagen production. Also, fat cells start becoming larger and begin protruding through the collagen (becoming the bumpy fat known as cellulite).
Cellulite is often classified using three grades:
Grade 1 cellulite sees no clinical symptoms, but a microscopic examination of cells from the area detects underlying anatomical changes.
Grade 2 cellulite requires the skin to show pallor (pastiness), be lower temperature, and have decreased elasticity, in addition to anatomical changes noted by microscopic examinations.
Grade 3 cellulite has visible roughness of the skin (like an orange peel) along with all grade 2 signs.
Causes of cellulite
The causes of cellulite are not really 100% understood, but there are several theories that have been put forth as explanations. Among these are:
Hormonal factors – hormones likely play an important role in cellulite development. Many believe estrogen, insulin, noradrenaline, thyroid hormones, and prolactin are part of the cellulite production process.
Genetics – certain genes are required for cellulite development. Genes may predispose an individual to particular characteristics associated with cellulite, such as gender, race and slow metabolism etc.
Diet – people who eat too much fat, carbohydrates, or salt and too little fiber are likely to have greater amounts of cellulite.
Lifestyle – cellulite may be more prevalent in those who smoke or don’t exercise, as well as those who sit or stand in one position for long periods of time.
Clothing – underwear with tight elastic across the buttocks (limiting blood flow) may contribute too.
Getting rid of cellulite:
Why not try our revolutionary laser cellulite removal?
‘Cellulaze’ is a revolutionary laser cellulite-removing device specially designed as a long-lasting solution to removing cellulite.
Our Glasgow-based aesthetics clinic is the first in Scotland to offer this technique and our system is one of only six in the UK.
The Cellulaze system was first introduced to the United States in 2010 and studies have shown 93 per cent of patients are very satisfied or satisfied with their results at one year and the results have so far found no recurrence of the cellulite.
Eat healthy – As well as surgery, healthy eating will also reduce the appearance of cellulite. You should eat healthy, low fat foods (such as fruits, vegetables, and those which are packed full of fibre
Exercise – This may seem obvious, but regular exercise will also help, because maintaining a healthy weight is crucial to living a healthy lifestyle.
Practical undergarments – Thongs, boyshorts, or looser fitting pants can also prevent cellulite that might form due to a tighter, more elasticated undergarment.